Postural Disorders

'' Everything starts with awareness, we can't change or develop something that we're not aware of. ”

Long-term employees who work at desk, computer and keyboard users such as typewriters, stock market employees those who have to watch a continuous screen, can often suffer at the back, collapse of the shoulders and roundness and the neck. These people are exposed to stay at the same position for a long time and in have recurrent microtrauma due to shoulder pain, neck pain, pain between shoulder blades, arm and wrist pain. 

Sometimes severe neck hernias, degenerative changes (neck arthritis), rotator cuff tendinitis, cumulative trauma disease, carpal tunnel syndrome and thoracic outlet syndromes are visible. Similar statements can occure in long-term bad and same-positioned students and academics.

Postural Disorders are the source of many problems such as, Low breathing capacity, fatigue, neural pressure, insecurity, instability, stomach problems, and so on. We notice the body when it becomes more painful or sick, we do not enjoy being healthy when it is good.

Bad Posture occurs when some of the following factors happen:

  • Accidents, injuries and falls

  • Wrong seating, standing and sleeping

  • Work environment is not suitable for the body structure

  • Bed is bad or inappropriate

  • Overweight

  • Mental problems

  • Home or office related tensions

 

Harmful Effects of Bad Posture :

  • Fatigue

  • Joint stiffness and joint diseases

  • Headache and jaw joint problems

  • Shortness of breath

  • Waist, Neck and Back pains

  • Knee and Hip pains

  • Loss of self-confidence

Kyphosis :

It is the condition of the backbone tilted forward. It can be seen on people with overweight and pregnant women. Deformities such as flat feet, rheumatic diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis, increase in lumbar curve, weakness in the abdominal muscles and back muscles, non-supported big breasts are the most important causes of kyphosis. In addition, during the emergence of the breasts girls sit leaning forward and this causes dorsal kyphosis (humpback), which can prepare neck, shoulder and back pain. Kyphosis may affect the shoulder blade movements, causing additional problems, such as a low shoulder, narrowing of the thoracic outlet (a narrow area through which the nerves pass through the neck). Advanced kyphosis deformities are seen in osteoporosis and related deformaties.

Lordosis :

It is the increase of lumbar curve. Imbalances and loss of power in the abdomen, back, hip muscles and ligaments can increase lumbar curve. Pregnancy, excess weight, laxity in the abdominal muscles also increases the lumbar curve.

The most important result of lumbar lordosis is back and leg pain which ends with hernias in lumbar discs.

In addition, patients with spondylolisthesis increases lumbar lordosis.

Backward Waist :

In this posture disorder, the hips are shifted to the front and the knees are behind. The back and rib cage is prominent, where the center of gravity of the body is shifted to the front. Spine (waist, neck, back) and shoulder pains are common with this postural problem.

Flat Lower Back  :

In this posture, the abdominal muscles are strong and the waist extensors are weak. Hip and knee joints are hyperextensioned (overly straightened). Hip flexors (bending muscles) are long and weak, back thigh muscles are short and strong. Because of the flattened, the load on lumbar discs increases and the risk of lumbar hernia increases,too.

Posture Test

Posture is the mirror of the human body and Spine.

Many spine problems can be seen with posture testing.  

 

Straight Neck 

Kyphosis (Over curve of Torakal area) 

Lordosis (Excessive of the Waist Curve)

Scoliosis (Side curve formation of Spine)

 

Posture Pro and Posture Analysis Test is done by focus cameras in computer environment with special angle meter.

Straight Neck

 

There are many curves in our spine to provide balance. These curves are so prominent in the lower back and neck area that they can be visible from the outside. "C" shape curve in the neck area balance the head, and the other "C" shape curve in the lower back keeps the balance in the upper body region. The lower tail of "C" starts from the upper torakal area and the upper tail extends to the back of the head. Flattening may occur heritatively, and impacts to the neck area, trauma, pressure, wrong posture and neck strain may cause neck flattening. Excess weight can also cause the spine to flatten, as it changes the posture in equilibrium.

Postural Disorder:

Forward head during normal posture is the most common symptom of neck flattening. The flattening can be evident enough to be seen from the outside.

Pain:

Flattening of the neck may not cause pain at all times. Pain may not appear until the flattening comes to an advance stage and pressures the nerves. However, if there is a pain, these pains can usually be seen at the point where the neck meets the upper back or slightly below. When the head tilted backwards the pain can be exacerbated. Pain in the muscles holding the neck may also occur.

Restriction of Neck Rotations:

Flattening of the spine in the neck area may lead to limitation of neck movements. This may mean that you cannot turn the neck to the right or left precisely and not look forward for long periods of time without of a constant pain.

Severe Symptoms:

Advanced neck flattening may cause nerve roots and spinal cord to be subjected to stress. There may be numbness and tingling in various regions depending on which parts of the body are subject to pressure. This condition usually manifests itself as loss of strength, numbness and tingling in the arms and legs.

What if not treated?

  • Loss of strength in arms, hands and legs

  • Numbness in arms, hands and legs

  • Neck pain that cannot be relieved by painkillers

  • It can cause loss of movement in the neck

Which nerves are exposed to stress due to flattening directly affects the complications of Flat Neck.